Echinococcus Granulosus

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Helminth-Cestode: Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus mutilocularis

Echinococcosis: An Economic Evaluation of a Veterinary Public Health Intervention in Rural Canada

The occurrence of taeniids of wolves in Liguria (northern Italy)

The first report of human-derived G10 genotype of Echinococcus canadensis in China and possible sources and routes of transmission

Surveillance for Echinococcus canadensis genotypes in Canadian ungulates

The distribution of Echinococcus granulosus in moose: evidence for parasite-induced vulnerability to predation by wolves? [Behind a Paywall]

Surveillance for Echinococcus canadensis genotypes in Canadian ungulates

Minnesota’s 1971 Moose Hunt: A Preliminary Report on the Biological Connections
The incidence of E. granulosus and Taenia spp. in the northeast is evidence of a higher timber wolf (Canis lupus) population in this part of the state.

Emergence of Sylvatic Echinococcus granulosus as a Parasitic Zoonosis of Public Health Concern in an Indigenous Community in Canada
Within a remote Canadian Indigenous community, at least 11* of people had antibodies against Echinococcus granulosus and E. granulosus eggs were detected in 6* of environmentally collected canine fecal samples. Dog ownership, hunting, and trapping were not risk factors for seropositivity, suggesting that people are most likely exposed to E. granulosus through indirect contact with dog feces in the environment. In this situation, human exposure could be most effectively curtailed by preventing consumption of cervid viscera by free-roaming dogs.

Echinococcus multilocularis in Urban Coyotes, Alberta, Canada

Human Echinococcosis Mortality in the United States, 1990–2007

Although uncommon, echinococcosis-related deaths occur in the US. Clinicians should be aware of the diagnosis, particularly in foreign-born patients from Echinococcus endemic areas, and should consider tropical infectious disease consultation early.

Echinococcosis Treatment

The YUDJINA Clinic specialises on the Echinococcosis Hydatid Cyst treatment (alveolar type also) – a very complex infectious disease caused by the helminthic invasion. The degree of insidiousness of this disease and its consequences can be compared, perhaps, only to cancer. The Echinococcosis infection and the development of the disease proceed imperceptibly for the person exposed to the larvated eggs. Echinococcosis is hard to diagnose.

Spotlight on Nasty Parasites: Echinococcus granulosus

The emerging epidemic of echinococcosis in Kazakhstan

Present situation of cystic echinococcosis in Central Asia

Human cystic echinococcosis in Kyrgystan: an epidemiological study

Modelling the transmission dynamics of Echinococcus granulosus in dogs in rural Kazakhstan

Modelling the transmission dynamics of Echinococcus granulosus in sheep and cattle in Kazakhstan

Echinococcosis, toxocarosis and toxoplasmosis screening in a rural community in eastern Kazakhstan


Canine echinococcosis in Kyrgyzstan: Using prevalence data adjusted for measurement error to develop transmission dynamics models

Polymerase chain reaction for detection of patent infections of Echinococcus granulosus (‘‘sheep strain’’) in naturally infected dogs

Modelling the age variation of larval protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus in sheep

The changing epidemiology of echinococcosis in Kazakhstan due to transformation of farming practices

Frequency distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis and other helminths of foxes in Kyrgyzstan

The emergence of echinococcosis in central Asia

Human Alveolar Echinococcosis in Kyrgyzstan

Release and survival of Echinococcus eggs in different environments in Turkana, and their possible impact on the incidence of hydatidosis in man and livestock

Influence of Temperature on the Infectivity of Eggs of Echinocossus Granulosus in Laboratory Rodents.

Viability and infectiousness of eggs of Echinococcus granulosus aged under natural conditions of inferior arid climate – Paula Sanchez Theveneta, Oscar Jensen, Ricardo Drut, Gloria E. Cerrone, S. Greno?vero, Hector M. Alvarez, Hector M. Targovnik, Juan A. Basualdo

267-Page Study on E.G.
R.C.A. Thompson and D.P. McManus

From Iowa State University, the Center for Food Security and Public Health, information on E.G. and quite a bit about transmission and viability of E.G. eggs.

Study: E.G. Infections in Moose in Southwestern Quebec.

A letter sent to the Montana Environmental Quality Council in March of 2010, contains a translated letter from experts in hydatid disease in Russia that was a warning to the citizens of one particular region about human hydatid disease. Click this link for a PDF download of 4 pages.

“Cystic Echinococcosis in the Arctic and Sub-Arctic, Robert L. Rausch, 2003, page 877, by Petrov and Delianova 1962

Human Echinococcosis Mortality in the United States, 1990–2007 – An eighteen year study examining the echinococcosis-associated deaths of humans in the United States.

The investigation of frequency of cystic echinococcosis in the autopsies committed in the Speciality Department of Istanbul Forensic Medicine Institute

Hydatid disease: medical problems, veterinary solutions, political obstacles
From the Medical Journal of Australia, this editorial deals with the struggles in dealing with hydatid disease. Contains referenced resources.

Genetic variation and epidemiology of Echinococcus granulosus in Argentina.
This is a link to an “Abstract” found in the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Hydatids – when a dog is not man’s best friend
Published by the Australian Academy of Science, this piece deals with the life cycle of hydatid disease, how it is spread and more specifically what role your pet dog can play.

Manipulative parasites in the world of veterinary science: Implications for epidemiology and pathology
A full 18-page review by Clément Lagrue *, Robert Poulin, Department of Zoology, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin 9054 New Zealand

Echinococcus granulosus in the wolf in Italy
This is a link to an “Abstract” of a study. You may have to join or purchase the full study.

The Distribution of Echinococcus Granulosus in Moose: Evidence for parasite induced vulnerability to predation of wolves?
This link contains the first page, including the Abstract, of a study that suggests that moose infected with hydatid cysts makes them more susceptible to fall prey to wolves. (You will have to purchase the entire report.)

Hydatid (Echinococcus) Disease in Canada and the United States
This link to the Oxford Journals, American Journal of Epidemiology, contains a report by Thomas B. Magath and published in 1936. His work documents recorded cases of human hydatid disease in Canada and the U.S. from 1921 – 1936, with additional cases that had not been previously recorded prior to 1921.
The full text of the report is available through a subscription and fee.

Survival of Protoscolices of Echinococcus Granulosus at Constant Temperatures
Ferron L. Anderson and Raymond M. Loveless of Department of Zoology, Brigham Young University, Published in the Journal of Parasitology, Vol. 64, No. 1, Feb. 1978
Contains the first page, including Abstract. Full text of the study can be purchased.

Echinococcus Granulosus: Variability of the Host-Protective EG95 Vaccine antigen in G6 and G7 genotypic variants
Conan Chow, Charles G. Gauci, Gulay Vural, David J. Jenkins, David D. Heath, Mara C. Rosenzvit, Majid Fasihi Harandi, Marshall W. Lightowlers,*
Received 19 November 2007; received in revised form 20 January 2008; accepted 28 January 2008
Available online 2 February 2008
Full Text

Oncospheral penetration glands are the source of the EG95 vaccine antigen against cystic hydatid disease
(Received 30 March 2010; revised 9 June 2010; accepted 10 June 2010; first published online 21 July 2010)

Hydatid disease (Echinococcus granulosus) in Australian Wildlife – FACT SHEET
From the Australian Wildlife Health Network

The distribution of Echinococcus granulosus in moose: evidence for parasite-induced vulnerability to predation by wolves?