Global Socioeconomic Impact of Cystic Echinococcosis

Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an emerging zoonotic parasitic disease throughout the world. Human incidence and livestock prevalence data of CE were gathered from published literature and the Office International des Epizooties databases. Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and monetary losses, resulting from human and livestock CE, were calculated from recorded human and livestock cases. Alternative […]

Echinococcus in wild canids in Québec (Canada) and Maine (USA)

Abstract Zoonotic Echinococcus spp. cestodes (E. canadensis and E. multilocularis) infect domestic animals, wildlife, and people in regions of Canada and the USA. We recovered and quantified Echinococcus spp. cestodes from 22 of 307 intestinal tracts of wild canids (23 wolves, 100 coyotes, 184 red and arctic foxes) in the state of Maine and the […]

Cystic Echinococcosis in Spain: Current Situation and Relevance for Other Endemic Areas in Europe

Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (CE) remains an important health problem in many regions of the world, both where no control measures have been implemented, and where control programs have been incompletely successful with ensuing re-emergence of the disease. In Spain, official data on CE show an increase in the proportion of intermediate hosts with CE during […]

Global Distribution of Alveolar and Cystic Echinococcosis

Abstract Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) and cystic echinococcosis (CE) are severe helminthic zoonoses. Echinococcus multilocularis (causative agent of AE) is widely distributed in the northern hemisphere where it is typically maintained in a wild animal cycle including canids as definitive hosts and rodents as intermediate hosts. The species Echinococcus granulosus, Echinococcus ortleppi, Echinococcus canadensis and Echinococcus […]

A Systematic Review of the Epidemiology of Echinococcosis in Domestic and Wild Animals

Abstract Background Human echinococcosis is a neglected zoonosis caused by parasites of the genus Echinococcus. The most frequent clinical forms of echinococcosis, cystic echinococcosis (CE) and alveolar echinococcosis (AE), are responsible for a substantial health and economic burden, particularly to low-income societies. Quantitative epidemiology can provide important information to improve the understanding of parasite transmission and hence […]

Tapeworm could jump to humans with potentially deadly consequences, veterinarian warns

A Saskatoon veterinarian says “there’s a very good chance” Saskatchewan could see human cases of a potentially lethal tapeworm in the foreseeable future. Echinococcus multilocularis is a tiny tapeworm less than four millimetres long. Its life cycle begins when small rodents, such as mice and voles, consume its eggs, which then form cysts on their liver, […]

“Wolf Hydatid Disease in Coyotes, Foxes and other Canines”

Read About this Life Threatening Disease. Use Proper PPE when dealing with Wild Canines!  “Mitochondrial DNA testing has proven that the Eastern Coyote is actually a Hybrid. Sometime in the past, a Canadian Wolf mated with an Eastern coyote and each blood sample taken from numerous live trapped coyotes in most eastern states contained Canadian Wolf […]

Helminth-Cestode: Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus mutilocularis

Characteristics of Echinococcus and life cycle Echinococcus spp are cestode parasites belonging to the family Taeniidae. All taeniid parasites have complex life cycles that include a carnivorous definitive host and a second mammalian intermediate host in which the larval or metacestode develops. It is the larval stage that is pathogenic to humans and other mammals. […]

Updates on cystic echinococcosis (CE) in Italy

Abstract An update on Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) diffusion in Italy during 2003-2005 is reported. CE seems to have a sporadic diffusion in the northern part of the country where this disease plays a minor role (prevalence < 1%). Recent investigations have shown the occurrence of CE cases in humans from the mountains between Reggio Emilia […]

Echinococcus granulosus infection in Spain

Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (CE) caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus is an endemic disease in Spain. Although specific control programmes initiated in the 1980s have led to marked reductions in CE infection rates in Spain, the disease still remains an important human and animal health problem in many regions of the country. Human incidence and […]