Tapeworm could jump to humans with potentially deadly consequences, veterinarian warns

A Saskatoon veterinarian says “there’s a very good chance” Saskatchewan could see human cases of a potentially lethal tapeworm in the foreseeable future. Echinococcus multilocularis is a tiny tapeworm less than four millimetres long. Its life cycle begins when small rodents, such as mice and voles, consume its eggs, which then form cysts on their liver, […]

“Wolf Hydatid Disease in Coyotes, Foxes and other Canines”

Read About this Life Threatening Disease. Use Proper PPE when dealing with Wild Canines!  “Mitochondrial DNA testing has proven that the Eastern Coyote is actually a Hybrid. Sometime in the past, a Canadian Wolf mated with an Eastern coyote and each blood sample taken from numerous live trapped coyotes in most eastern states contained Canadian Wolf […]

Helminth-Cestode: Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus mutilocularis

Characteristics of Echinococcus and life cycle Echinococcus spp are cestode parasites belonging to the family Taeniidae. All taeniid parasites have complex life cycles that include a carnivorous definitive host and a second mammalian intermediate host in which the larval or metacestode develops. It is the larval stage that is pathogenic to humans and other mammals. […]

Updates on cystic echinococcosis (CE) in Italy

Abstract An update on Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) diffusion in Italy during 2003-2005 is reported. CE seems to have a sporadic diffusion in the northern part of the country where this disease plays a minor role (prevalence < 1%). Recent investigations have shown the occurrence of CE cases in humans from the mountains between Reggio Emilia […]

Echinococcus granulosus infection in Spain

Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (CE) caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus is an endemic disease in Spain. Although specific control programmes initiated in the 1980s have led to marked reductions in CE infection rates in Spain, the disease still remains an important human and animal health problem in many regions of the country. Human incidence and […]

Control of cystic echinococcosis/hydatidosis: 1863-2002

Abstract Echinococcosis/hydatidosis, caused by Echinococcus granulosus, is a chronic and debilitating zoonotic larval cestode infection in humans, which is principally transmitted between dogs and domestic livestock, particularly sheep. Human hydatid disease occurs in almost all pastoral communities and rangeland areas of the underdeveloped and developed world. Control programmes against hydatidosis have been implemented in several […]

Echinococcosis in the Ukrainian SSR

Abstract Various types of echinococcosis foci were detected in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic: steppe zone foci with sheep pattern circulation dominating, where invasion is transmitted according to scheme: sheep–dogs attached to flocks; forest lowland and forest-steppe zones with pig pattern of echinococcosis circulating, where invasion is transmitted according to scheme: pigs–dogs. In steppe zone […]

Echinococcus multilocularis in North America: the great unknown

Over the last decade, studies have begun to shed light on the distribution and genetic characterization of Echinococcus multilocularis, the causative agent of alveolar echinococcosis (AE), in North America. Recent findings indicate that the parasite is likely expanding its range in the central region of the United States and Canada and that invasions of European strains […]

A Newly Discovered Epidemic Area of Echinococcus multilocularis in West Gansu Province in China

Abstract Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a lethal parasitic disease. In Gansu Province of China, all AE cases reported in literature were from Zhang and Min Counties, the southern part of the province. Here, we report the discovery of nine AE cases and one cystic echinococcosis (CE) case from Nanfeng Town of Minle County, in the […]

Echinococcosis: An Economic Evaluation of a Veterinary Public Health Intervention in Rural Canada

Abstract Echinococcosis is a rare but endemic condition in people in Canada, caused by a zoonotic cestode for which the source of human infection is ingestion of parasite eggs shed by canids. The objectives of this study were to identify risk factors associated with infection and to measure the cost-utility of introducing an echinococcosis prevention […]